The Flag of Iraq is made up of a horizontal tri-stripe with red on top, white in the middle and black on the bottom. In the centre there is Arabic script which reads “Allah Akbar” or “God is great”. The colours are inspired by a 14 th century poem which reads “our actions are bright, our battlefields are dark, our fields are green and our swords are red with the blood of our enemies”.
Several different versions of the flag have been in use over the years. Even the current version was only meant to be a temporary design, however, there has been little progress for the new flag. Future designs are looking to incorporate both Arab and Kurdish aspects.
The Kurdistan region also has their own flag, which was been adopted in the region in 1992. The Kurdish flag is also a tri-stripe with red, white and green with a yellow sun in the middle. Red represents the blood of the martyrs and the continued struggle for freedom, green represents the beauty and landscapes of Kurdistan, the white represents peace and equality. The yellow sun in the centre has 21 arms which represents March 21, the date of Nowruz. The yellow of the sun represents the light and life of the people.