Iraq is a conservative country and is also known for having a very warm climate. This means that you are encouraged to dress modestly while visiting. As for the weather, visiting in winter, the weather is very pleasant in the southern part of Iraq with some days still being quite warm.
Kurdistan in the winter though can be very cold due to its mountainous terrain. The capital Erbil can get to freezing temperatures at night and it regularly snows up in the mountains. If traveling to Kurdistan in the winter bring warm clothes.
We recommend long loose fabric pants like those used for hiking. This is for both men and women. Women should also wear a top that does not expose any cleavage or shoulders. A long shawl type piece of clothing can be very convenient for women to cover up but still not get too hot, and can be taken off when it’s not necessary.
If you visit in the summer you can expect temperatures to regularly top 40 degrees Celsius and sometimes even 50 and above. Even though temperatures reach this high, locals will still always be in long pants.